Dangerous Defects in Trees and How to Spot Them

Dangerous Defects in Trees and How to Spot Them

January 5, 2022

It’s easy to ignore a few discolored lumps on a tree. What’s not so easy to ignore is a tree that’s fallen through your roof! This may sound extreme, but property damage is an unfortunate reality for many homeowners who didn’t pay attention to the signs of defects in their trees. Spotting defects is crucial in order to protect the tree’s health and your home.

Below, you’ll learn what causes tree deformities and how you can identify dangerous defects in trees.

Deterioration of the root system

Root rot is one of the most concerning tree deformities. Deterioration of the root system occurs when the soil becomes waterlogged. Roots sit in the excessive water and start to break down over time. A weakened root system compromises the tree’s structural integrity, causing it to fall over during extreme weather.

There are many signs that can help you identify this dangerous defect in trees. Homeowners should start by inspecting the tree’s crown. Rotting roots contribute to dieback and stunted growth as well as leaves that are discolored and smaller than normal. You may also notice discoloration, leaking resin or fungi at the base of the trunk.

Fungal growth in the trunk

Stress from poor maintenance is what causes tree deformities such as fungal growth. Trees become stressed when they experience drought, chemicals, compacted soil, poor irrigation or high levels of clay and gravel. Stress drains the tree’s energy, which means it’s less capable of fighting off invaders like fungi and pests.

You can identify this dangerous defect in trees by looking at the trunk. Conks are one of the most obvious signs, which are shelf-like clusters of fungi that grow on top of the bark. It’s important to note that not all fungal growth is visible from the outside. Some fungi grow deep within the trunk and escape detection. An experienced tree contractor can detect even the most subtle signs of fungal growth that go unnoticed by the untrained eye.

In-rolled cracks along the bark

In-rolled cracks are deep crevices that run vertically along the bark. Wounds are usually what cause these tree deformities. Numerous factors can lead to wounds, including splits, decay, animals and general damage to the trunk. Poorly-maintained trees will fail to completely seal the wound. As a result, bark curls inward and leaves the wound partially exposed. In-rolled cracks start to form, which grow wider with time.

In-rolled cracks are pretty easy to spot because they develop on the bark’s surface. They look like discolored scars that run up and down the tree trunk. In-rolled cracks vary in width depending on their age. Some appear as a thin line, while others are a wide gash in the wood.

Some tree deformities are very difficult to spot on your own. Defects that fly under the radar weaken a tree’s structure, eventually causing it to fall on your property.

Save your family from harm by calling the professionals at Neumann & Sons Tree Service. Our team possesses the necessary tools and expertise to identify defects before they become a danger to you. Don’t hesitate a moment longer—speak with our knowledgeable staff today.

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